What is the function of the breasts?

Breasts consist of milk nodes and ducts carrying the milk produced from those nodes to the nipple and fat and connective tissues which fill the interstitial area. Each breast is found in front of the pectoral muscles over the ribs. The nipple is the center of the dusky skin area called the areola. The breast also contains lymphatic ducts carrying a colorless fluid called lymph. Lymph ducts open out onto small round lymph nodes. Lymph node groups belonging to the breast are found primarily near the breast in the armpit, over the collar bone and nearby the sternum. Lymph nodes hold bacteria, cancer cells and the other harmful components to be found in the lymph system.

Why Breast Health Centers of Saglik Hospital?

Multidisciplinary Approach

In the branches of Breast Cancer Surgery, Plastic Surgery, Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy, the opportunity of multidisciplinary diagnosis and therapy is being provided to our patients with the specialist and experienced team in one’s field and with the devices of latest technology.

Apart from these, a multidisciplinary care including supportive services like disease management of breast cancer, nutrition and genetic counseling, psychosocial support programs, physic therapy is being given to breast cancer patients most comprehensively.

High Technology Background

In our Breast Health Centers, early diagnosis, therapy and follow-up programs are being implemented with the devices of latest technology (3 dimensional Mammography with Tomosynthesis).

Early Detection, Correct Diagnosis

In Breast Health Centers of Saglik Hospital, the opportunity of early detection and correct diagnosis is being provided by comprehensive approach.

Specialists in their field, Experienced Team

Our specialist team consists of medical oncologists, plastic surgeons, oncologists of radiation, radiologists, pathologists and, all experienced specialists in their field and they provide comprehensive care of patients in the Saglik Hospital Breast Health Center. Also nutrition counseling, physical therapy and comprehensive psychosocial support program for patients with breast cancer are ensured.

Breast Protective Surgery

Oncoplastic surgery and innovative reconstructive techniques are being provided by breastsurger specialist in their field.

Breast Diseases

Lumps in the breast

The most frequent lumps in the breast are:

Cysts (fluid content)



Other solid (solid content) benign lesions:

Radial scar and complex sclerosant lesions, papilloma, lipoma, hamartoma, fat necrosis, leiomyoma, granular cell tumors etc.


Fibroadenoma tumors

Phyllodes tumors

Intraductal papillomas

Inflamed diseases of the breast (mastitis)

The treatment is planned multidisciplinary

Specialists of general surgery, radiology, pathology, medical oncology and radiation oncology are working together and in cooperation using a multidisciplinary approach in theplanning of treatment of breast cancer. The specialist who evaluates the patient first is usually a surgeon. It is also important that psychologists and psychiatrists evaluate the patient before and after the treatment.

In which situations is surgery performed?

The first choice in breast cancers caught at the early stage is surgery. In the surgical method, cancerous tumor is excised either from the breast tissue or around it clearly or thewhole breast is taken. Also to understand whether the tumor spread to the armpit or not, some lymph nodes are excised. By performing surgical interventions, first the stage of disease is detected and the patient’s additional therapy requirements (radiation, hormone, chemotherapy) are determined.

Today, excellent results in a lot of patients can be obtained through developments in surgical treatment and improvements in additional treatments.

Breast protective surgery

Patients with breast cancer are being lost due to systemic recurrence, or in other words spread (metastasis), not recurrences in the breast. In this context, removing tissue with a tumor by way of breast protective surgery in suitable cases with single tumor focus is being preferred instead of taking of whole breast. Tumor tissue is excised with about 1-2 cm normal breast tissue around the tumor in breast protective surgery (large excision, tumorectomy, lumpectomy).

Other techniques based on larger excisions of that region in the breast are called “quadrantectomy” or “partial mastectomy”.

As for lumps being thought as non-palpable and malign and marked by wire through mammography or ultrasound are filmed after excision by wire guided or ROLL (Radionuclide-Guided Occult Lesion Localisation) techniques and are controlled whether they are excised or not.

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